DEVELOPMENT OF SEDIMENT COLLECTION MANUAL
Standard analytical techniques and methodologies are available to meet most sampling and analytical requirements for sediment quality studies. Sediment sampling and analysis require the use of different techniques, methodologies and equipment than that of water quality monitoring. Sampling and analytical techniques vary for each sampling and monitoring objective and sampling site. Thus, there is a need to have prescribed procedures and instrumentation to achieve a level of acceptable quality, standardization, and consistency. In addition, difficulties in comparing data sets due to use of different sampling and analytical procedures may well arise, therefore the use of standards/manuals and the comparison of test procedures are important to sediment analyses.
In view of this, the Environmental Research and Laboratory Services Division (ERLSD) engaged the services of an expert from the UP Marine Science Institute to develop the Sediment Collection Manual. This aims to strengthen the Bureau’s capability to measure and monitor possible contaminants in sediments and to harmonize the nationwide sediment monitoring activities, specifically in the collection of sediment samples to minimize the difficulties in comparing data sets.
The manual integrates items for consideration in choosing the appropriate sampling devices and instrumentation, and techniques and procedures which depend on the purpose of the sediment sampling and monitoring, and location and type of the sediment.
PREPARATION OF NATIONAL RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT PLAN FOR THE PREVENTION AND CONTROL OF WATER POLLUTION
Section 24 of the Philippine Clean Water Act of 2004 (RA 9275) stipulates the formation of pollution research and development program to be headed by the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) in coordination with Department of Science and Technology (DOST), other concerned government agencies and academic research institutions. Rule 24 of the subsequent implementing rules and regulations (IRR) requires the establishment of the National Research and Development Program for the Prevention and Control of Water Pollution (NRDP-PCWP).
The NRDP-PCWP shall serve as basis for issuance of guidelines, whenever necessary, as well as for coordination with respect to research, experiments, trainings, surveys and studies relating to the causes, extent, prevention and control of water pollution.
LAND-BASED SOURCES OF POLLUTION STUDY – PREPARATION OF THE NATIONAL ACTION PLAN ON LAND-BASED POLLUTION
The Environmental Management Bureau (EMB), through the Environmental Research and Laboratory Services Division (ERLSD) has initiated the preparation of the National Acton Plan (NAP) on Land-based Pollution (NAP-LbP) that will serve as reference or guide in activities to be undertaken to address land-based pollution in the country for possible implementation of different stakeholders engaged in management of water pollution. The NAP will serve as the core strategy of the country to coordinate and align the different activities identified together with the various stakeholders. It contains information on the legal framework, the approach and methodologies, timeframe, and other important factors for the effective implementation of the activities toward the specific goal of the plan.