National CFC Phase-out Plan (NCPP)
This is the biggest project under the POD so far. The National CFC Phase-out Plan (NCPP) is a strategy to phase out the remaining consumption of CFCs in the Philippines following the Montreal Protocol phase-out schedule. It combines policy and regulatory interventions to phase-out the use and importation of CFC so as not to adversely affect the economic functions of society.
Since 1992, there has been a steady decline in the total consumption of ODS. Serious efforts have led to the total phaseout of CFC 113, 114 and 115 as of 1999. The POD, through the NCPP Project, has aimed to phase out the remaining consumption of CFCs available locally. Importation of CFC-11 has been banned in 2005. The importation of CFC-12 is likewise set to be totally phasedout by 2010 (zero importation of CFCs).
The sectors affected by the phaseout of CFC are the manufacturers of products using CFC, those servicing car air-conditioners, household air-conditioners and refrigerators, and those who own buildings with chillers that use CFC. The project aims to encourage these sectors to shift to alternatives by providing technical and financial assistance for said end-users.
Eligible small and medium-size companies engaged in foam, tear gas and refrigeration equipment manufacturing are provided technical and financial assistance by the NCPP for the conversion of their production technologies to non-CFC based technologies.
The refrigeration and air-conditioning servicing sectors have the largest demand for CFCs in the Philippines. This sector on car air-conditioning (MAC), domestic refrigeration and domestic air-conditioning (RAC) accounted for 75% of total CFC usage at the beginning of the project. The Voucher System is a financial mechanism for providing partial grant assistance to service enterprises in order to manage the use and handling of CFCs. Through this project component, the DENR was able to issue about 2,600 vouchers to eligible service shops/providers to purchase tools and equipment for proper servicing, maintenance, and installation of refrigeration and air-conditioning systems. These tools and equipment is a requirement in securing accreditation of service shops from DTI. With the NCPP, Technical Education and Skills Development Authority (TESDA) also conducts training, assessment and certification of service technicians under competency-based training programs on recovery and recycling of refrigerants and retrofitting of RAC and MAC systems.
The Department of Transportation and Communication - Land Transportation Office (DOTC-LTO) is also part of the NCPP Project through the implementation of a regulation to inspect car aircon systems as a requirement for registration starting 2006 to determine the type of refrigerant used. The test result is used to build a database to determine the volume of vehicles with CFC-using MAC systems and will serve as the basis for LTO to improve policy/regulation to eliminate CFC usage in car air-conditioners.
To ensure the phase-out of CFC in metered-dose inhalers (MDIs), the Department of Health - Bureau of Food and Drugs (DOH-BFAD) issued an Administrative Order to implement the systematic transition from CFC-containing MDIs to CFC-free alternatives.
The investment assistance for an ozone-friendly technology in both servicing and manufacturing sectors as well as enabling policy should have direct and sustainable results in reducing CFC consumption in the Philippines. The NCPP is being implemented by the Philippine Ozone Desk – NCPP Project Management Unit of the Department of Environment and Natural Resources – Environmental Management Bureau (EMB), with support of other partner agencies. It is funded by the MLF and administered by the World Bank and the Government of Sweden in a cooperative undertaking.
CFC Consumption Pattern of the Philippines