ratified the Stockholm
Convention (SC) on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) in
February 2, 2004
thereby committing itself
to the reduction and elimination of POPs.
The country became an official Party to the SC on
May 27, 2004
The Philippine National Implementation Plan (NIP), which outlines the country’s
priority concerns and action program, was submitted to the SC secretariat in
June 19, 2006
The Government of the
Philippines (GOP) requested assistance from the World Bank and Global Environment
Facility (GEF) for the funding of a project, phi: Integrated Persistent Organic
Pollutants Management Project (IPOPs Project), to assist the country in meeting
its obligations under the Stockholm Convention.
The Grant Agreement between the GOP and the World Bank for the implementation
of IPOPs Project was signed on
June 28, 2010
, and is effective by
September 26, 2010
The project will be for a period of five (5) years.
The objective of the IPOPs
Project is to assist the
meet its obligations under
convention, for Annex
A. Part II. Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs), Annex C. Unintentional Chemicals (UPOPs),
and section Ie of Article 6, contaminated sites.
It further aims to contribute to the development of capacity for the sound
management of chemicals in the
, in general.
The Department of Environment
and Natural Resources (DENR) through its Environmental Management Bureau (EMB) will
be the lead agency in the implementation of the project. Other agencies and institutions
that will be involved in project implementation are the Department of Science and
Technology - Industrial Technology Development Institute (DOST-ITDI), Subic Bay
Metropolitan Authority (SBMA), Clark Development Corporation (CDC), Department of
Health – National Center for Disease Prevention and Control (DOH-NCDPC), National
Solid Waste Management Commission (NSWMC), National Electrification Administration
(NEA), electric cooperatives, NGO, and several local government units (LGUs).
The Project has five components,
namely: (1) Strengthening the Regulatory Framework and Capacity Building for POPs
Monitoring; (2) Reduction of Releases of Unintentionally-Produced Persistent Organic
Pollutants (POPs); (3) Management of Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs); (4) Identification
and Remediation of POPs Contaminated Sites; and (5) Project Management.
Component 1: Strengthening
Regulatory Framework and
for POPs Monitoring
The objective of this
component is to strengthen the regulatory and monitoring capacity for phasing out
the use of and reducing exposure to and releases of persistent organic pollutants
(POPs). While the Philippines has established much of the legislative framework
necessary for chemicals management and other activities related to POPs management,
significant gaps remain, and in many cases existing legal mechanisms are not fully
consistent with or do not specifically support implementation of the Stockholm Convention.
In addition, the country has not established a system for monitoring these pollutants’
health effects. Activities under this component will include: modification of the
regulatory framework for POPs management and monitoring; national exposure monitoring
program for POPs; and policy and planning for future activities to scale up project
Component 2: Reduction of Releases of Unintentionally
Produced Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs).
Unintentional POPs (UPOPs),
dioxins and furans most significantly, are produced unintentionally by industrial
processes or incomplete burning. In the
, the largest sources
are agricultural burning and municipal solid waste. The objective of this component
is to better understand and demonstrate the reduction of the releases of UPOPs.
This will be done through improving the understanding of emissions from targeted
sources and nationally; demonstrating implementation of best available technologies
(BAT) and best environmental practices (BEP) for reducing emissions from the municipal
waste management sector; and establishing BAT/BEP for other sources. The component
activities include: establishment of emissions factors and verification of environmental
technology for selected sources; conduct of the third national PCDD/PCDF inventory;
investments in BAT/BEP demonstration for the solid waste sector; technical assistance
for preparation of BAT/BEP; and training, demonstration, and dissemination.
Under Component 2, particular
attention was given to two UPOPs namely: dioxins and furans which are most significantly
produced unintentionally from industrial processes or incomplete burning. The largest
contributors are agricultural burning and solid waste management.
Component 2 will be implemented
by DOST and supported by the DENR and National Solid Waste Management Commission
(NSWMC) Secretariat through guideline development, training, and dissemination.
Component 3: Management
of Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs)
The objective of this
component is to assist in minimizing the risk of exposure of PCBs to humans and
the environment by strengthening DENR-EMB oversight and improving the on-site management
practices of PCB owners. PCBs were never produced in the
, but they are used or
stored in electrical equipment in the electric utility and manufacturing sectors,
old commercial buildings, and transformer servicing facilities. A partial PCB inventory
has been completed and standards for PCB management have been established; however,
only a small percentage of operators has developed or implemented a PCB management
plan. This component will support the DENR-EMB through the completion of the national
PCB inventory, will offer technical assistance and training for PCB owners and DENR-EMB
inspectors, and will facilitate demonstration of good on-site PCB management through
implementation of PCB management plans. These PCB management activities will only
cover PCB Management on the PCB owners facility site (“on-site” management) and
any PCB treatment and disposal will be the responsibility of the PCB owners.
Component 4: Identification
and Remediation of POPs Contaminated Sites.
The objective of this
component is to strengthen the enabling capacity of the country to reduce risks
posed by POPs contamination of the environment by identifying contaminated sites;
establishing a strategic framework, technical guidelines, and professional capacity
to help address them; and building public knowledge and awareness. Some sites within
have been confirmed to
be contaminated with POPs, including areas that once housed electrical transformers;
old dumpsites; former production facilities; and pesticide storage sites. Other
sites are suspected to be contaminated, and many others have not yet been identified.
The cleanup of these sites is not mandatory or otherwise regulated under Philippine
law. Activities for this component include the development of a national inventory
of sites and a national remediation strategy, including legislative and regulatory
strengthening; establishment of site cleanup standards; national training and dissemination;
demonstration of site control to reduce exposure; and the demonstration of contaminated
site cleanup. All funding for site remediation will be provided by the counterpart
land owners and the DENR from the President’s Social Fund alloted for hazardous
Component 5: Project
This component will support
EMB-DENR in the implementation, management, coordination, monitoring and evaluation,
capacity building, and dissemination of Project results and outcomes.