Sector and the Clean Air Act
the estimated volume of tricycles in Metro Manila and in the country today?
approximately 900,000 motorcycles nationwide. Of these, Metro Manila contributes
some 180,000 tricycles plying various routes in the area. This represents
20 percent of the total volume.
the air pollution issues relating to two-stroke tricycles?
tricycles have lower fuel efficiency. Some 15-40% of its fuel air mixtures
escapes through the exhaust port. Because of this, the unburned gasoline
and lubricant it emits contribute to an increased hydrocarbon and fine
particulate emissions in the atmosphere.
tests conducted on tricycles showed that the average hydrocarbon emissions
was at 6,000 ppm (parts per million) or 10 times over the acceptable standard
the tricycle sector's recent concerns on the Clean Air Act?
tricycle operators and drivers recently rallied against the Metropolitan
Manila Development Authority Resolution No. 02-36, which urged metro local
government units to stop granting new franchises to two-stroke vehicles.
They were also against the mandatory emission testing, prior to vehicle
registration, required by the Act.
the provisions on the Clean Air Act and its Implementing Rules and Regulations
(IRR) that relate to the tricycle sector?
are covered under Section 22 of the Clean Air Act, which concerns the
regulation of all motor vehicles and engines. It states that "no
motor vehicle registration shall be issued unless such motor vehicle passes
the emission testing requirement promulgated in accordance with this Act".
the IRR stipulates that carbon monoxide emission of in-use motorcycles
(two and four-stroke) should not exceed 6% of the engine's total exhaust
volume during idle state.
the DENR, other government agencies, and other sectors doing for the tricycle
sector's concerns on the Clean Air Act?
are being undertaken to address this concern:
1. One month
suspension of implementation in Januray 2003 of MMDA Resolution No. 02-36;
from P300 to P90.00 emission testing fee for tricycles, at the Motor Vehicle
Inspection Station of the Land Transportation Office;
3. A financing
scheme is being worked out by the DENR Secretary with the Development
Bank of the Philippines to help operators convert their tricycles to keep
their vehicles' emission levels consistent with the standards of the Act;
4. A technical
working group was created by the DENR for the formulation of the emission
standard for hydrocarbons which is not included in the Act's IRR; and,
research on alternative fuels is being undertaken by the Department of
Energy and the Department of Science and Technology.
Clean Air Act and its Implementing Rules and Regulations, and, www.savetheair.org