Initially established as a supporting body for the Department of Environment and Natural Resources in 1987, the Philippine Environmental Management Bureau (EMB) became a line bureau with its own offices and independent enforcement authority in 2002. It is the national authority responsible for pollution prevention and control, and environmental impact assessment.

EMB is guided by the vision of a nation empowered to protect its finite natural resources in pursuit of sustainable development, to ensure a healthy environment that enhances the Filipino quality of life for present and future generations. Its mission is to restore, protect, and enhance environmental quality towards good public health, environmental integrity, and economic viability.

EMB is the national authority in the Philippines that sets air and water quality standards and monitors ambient and point source pollutants. It manages hazardous and toxic wastes under the Toxic Substances, Hazardous and Nuclear Waste Control Act and implements the Philippine Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) system.

To promote compliance with environmental standards, EMB has innovated an approach to engage industry and environmental agencies in voluntary self-regulation. Under the Philippine Environmental Partnership Program, the EMB provides a suite of technical and regulatory assistance as an incentive for industry to explore and implement cost-effective and sustainable pollution management strategies.  

EMB has also made public participation and transparency key elements of its EIA system, involving affected communities and stakeholders at various stages of project developments to ensure safe, smart, and sustainable development.

EMB operates  offices   at  the  central,  regional,  provincial   and  community  levels  throughout  the  Philippines.